Sicklepod Senna

Senna obtusifolia

Fabaceae (Legume family)


Description

Sicklepod senna is a foulsmelling herb that grows up to 5 feet tall. It is widely spreading with numerous ascending, hairless branches. The compound leaves are arranged spirally and usually have three pairs of symmetrically eggshaped leaflets up to 2 inches long. One to three yellow flowers appear on short axillary stems. The linear pods grow to 8 inches long, curve downward and contain many shiny, angular seeds.


Habitat

Sicklepod senna is found in the eastern third of Texas and extends eastward to Florida and north to Indiana and Pennsylvania. It usually grows in disturbed sandy soil and has been a troublesome weed in crops such as corn and soybeans.


Toxic Agent

The toxic agent of sicklepod senna is unknown. The foliage of this plant appears to be more toxic than the mature seed. In some cases, cattle were poisoned when sicklepod foliage was included in green chop or silage, or when they were forced to consume the plant because other nutritious forage was lacking. A large amount of plant material must be consumed over several days to cause poisoning.


Signs of Livestock Ingestion

Signs of poisoning by sicklepod senna relate to muscle damage and gastrointestinal disturbance and can include: Diarrhea; Weakness; Incoordination; Dark, coffee-colored urine; "Alert downers"-not depressed, will eat, but unable to rise; Death.

Most down animals remain bright-eyed and alert, and continue to eat when feed and water are placed before them. Most down animals do not recover.


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