Texas wintergrass

Stipa leucotricha



Stems are usually erect but sometimes prostrate, and have short, hairy nodes. The dark green blades have short, bristly, white hairs and are rough on both sides. The light brown seed has a single, twisted awn that is 2 1/2 to 4 inches long with a barb at the base. Hence, it is sometimes called speargrass. In late spring after the seeds have fallen, the white glumes resemble oats. A spikelet at the base of the stem is self-fertilizing. This is the most abundant native, cool-season grass in Texas.

Texas wintergrass is a perennial, cool-season, native - 18 to 42 inches tall.

Fair grazing for livestock and wildlife.


Prefers bottomland soil and mesquite flats.