Salix spp. L.

Salicaceae (Willow family)


More than 80 species and varieties of Salix grow in Texas. Willows are deciduous trees or shrubs that form large, dense root mats on the soil surface or in shallow water and slow-moving streams.

The leaves of most species are long and narrow, with finely toothed edges. The undersides of the leaves are a lighter color than are the upper. The flower stalks carry many tiny flowers.

Willows have small seeds, each with long, silky hairs attached to one end like a parachute, which helps them spread. The seeds usually live only a few days to a few weeks.

The forage value of willows is generally poor for wildlife and livestock.


Willows are found on dry areas in their eastern range and on moist soils along streams in their western range